A dye-zeolite hybrid material explained
What is it about?
The inclusion of luminescent species into ordered channel systems leads to compounds with peculiar optical properties, which could be exploited in solar energy harvesting, information technology, and diagnostics. Zeolite L is an ideal host: it has parallel channels with small pore openings. Unfortunately, if the dye is neutral, the compounds are not stable in humid conditions because water enters in the zeolite channels and replaces the dye. The Fluorenone-Zeolite L composite is a notable exception to this rule. Aim of this work was to explain why fluorenone−zeolite L composites are stable in the presence of water. We found that water molecules do not displace fluorenone from zeolite L because fluorenone is bound to the potassium cations of the zeolite.
Why is it important?
For the first time, a luminescent host−guest composite was modeled at conditions close to those adopted in actual applications of zeolite-based materials. Key information, otherwise difficult to access from experiments, was obtained on the structure and stabilty of such composites. The results indicated that fluorenone resistance against water substitution was due to the strong interaction of the dye carbonyl oxygen with the zeolite extraframework potassium cations. Understanding that the potassium cations were responsible of the stability of fluorenone in the zeolite at humid conditions was particularly important, because this holds in general for carbonyl-containing dyes.
The following have contributed to this page: Gloria Tabacchi