Structural dependence, vertical integration and regional economic cooperation in Africa: a study of Southern African Development Community

  • Ernest Toochi Aniche, Victor Emeka Ukaegbu
  • Africa Review, June 2016, Taylor & Francis
  • DOI: 10.1080/09744053.2016.1186866

A Study of Southern African Development Community (SADC)

What is it about?

In spite of many years of regional economic integration, African regional blocs have been seriously hampered by historical, colonial, neo-colonial and vertical linkages of their economies to Western economies in terms of trade and investments. The extant literature comparing the extent and depth of these horizontal and vertical integrations among member states of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is, however, scanty. The thrust of this paper is to examine the varying degrees of vertical integration of the economies of member states to Western economies, and perhaps, within themselves. The study, therefore, argues that the dependence of other SADC member states’ economies on South African economy has resulted in the seemingly high level of integration of SADC member states.

Why is it important?

The article is important because it provide reasons for crisis of African integration, the danger of dependency, and persistence of African underdevelopment with specific reference to Southern Africa, and suggest the way forward.


Dr Ernest Toochi Aniche
Federal University Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

The article is adequate in understanding the reasons for African underdevelopment and the danger of internal dependency in Africa.

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The following have contributed to this page: Dr Ernest Toochi Aniche