One-dimensional self-assembly of perylene-diimide dyes by unidirectional transit of zeolite channel openings

Gloria Tabacchi, Gion Calzaferri, Ettore Fois
  • Chemical Communications, January 2016, Royal Society of Chemistry
  • DOI: 10.1039/c6cc05303c

How large molecules cross narrow pore entrances

What is it about?

How can a snake swallow a mouse bigger than its mouth? Weird as it seems, questions like this emerge very often at the molecular scale. For example, we can fill porous materials with molecules larger than the diameter of the pores: in this way, we may obtain devices for energy and health applications. What makes this useful process possible? Flexibility is the key: both the porous host (the "snake") and the molecule (the "mouse") must deform for the uptake to occur. But here, contrary to the mouse-snake case, cooperation between the two partners is also needed.

Why is it important?

For the first time we captured the slipping of a bulky molecule through a narrow opening. We did this by computer simulations, because it is very hard to get information experimentally. To get a quick idea of what we found, you don't even need to go through the paper; the short movie on the right side menu could be enough. We noticed that the channel opening resembles a funnel: it is larger at the entrance. This surely helps the molecule to go in. Also, we have seen that the molecule is drawn to the entrance by specific intermolecular forces. However, the molecule can pass through the entrance and slip inside the pore only because it's flexible, and its motion is "in tune" with the vibrations of the host matrix. All this factors cope to make the entrance process more favorable than the exit process - that's why the molecule gets finally swallowed by the pore.

Perspectives

Gloria Tabacchi (Author)
university of insubria

Personally, I have found very exciting to see how bulky molecules pass through narrow entrances and travel inside the channels of a porous host. Understanding why they stay inside was even more important. This means that now we know why the composite forms and remains stable. I think that this might help to improve the fabrication processes of a class of materials with strategic applications.

Read Publication

http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6cc05303c

The following have contributed to this page: Gloria Tabacchi