Insomnia and daytime sleepiness: risk factors for sports-related concussion

  • Adam C. Raikes, Amy Athey, Pamela Alfonso-Miller, William D.S. Killgore, Michael A. Grandner
  • Sleep Medicine, March 2019, Elsevier
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2019.03.008

Insomnia and frequent daytime sleepiness increase sports-related concussion risk

What is it about?

Identifying potential risk factors for sustaining a sports-related concussion or mild traumatic brain injury is a critical public health concern. Though poor quality and insufficient are associated with impaired cognitive and physical performance as well as injury risk, there has been no systematic investigation of sleep as a risk factor for concussion. The research presented in this article demonstrates that both self-reported insomnia and frequent excessive daytime sleepiness were associated with an increased likelihood (3-5x greater) of sustaining a sports-related concussion in the athletes we followed.

Why is it important?

Poor and/or insufficient sleep has profoundly adverse effects on most aspects of daily function. For the first time, we demonstrate that this extends to increased risk for sports-related concussions. However, it is possible to improve sleep, both qualitatively and quantitatively. By taking proactive steps to improve sleep and reduce daytime sleepiness, athletes (in particular) may not only enjoy the benefits of better academic, occupational, and sports-related performance but also improved overall health and reduced risk for sustaining a concussion.

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The following have contributed to this page: Adam C Raikes